First: Anaconda vs Miniconda
Install Anaconda (any OS)
If you have (a lot of) space to loose on your computer, just follow the instructions here to install Anaconda!Spyder, IPython Notebook (= Jupyter) are installed (as well as many useless things).
OR Install Miniconda, Spyder and Jupyter
Miniconda will just add the conda package manager and Python.
Install miniconda:Installation instructions (any OS) can be found here (choose "regular installation").
To install "packages" first open a "console" :
WindowsOpen Anaconda Prompt (should be in start menu > Anaconda).
LinuxOpen a terminal!
Install Spyder and or Jupyter Notebook:From anaconda user-guide: Spyder and Jupyter, in your "console":
conda install -c anaconda spyder conda install -c anaconda jupyter